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This suburb, an independent town till 1873, is the oldest part of Budapest.

Name: Óbuda
Category: Architecture, castles and historic districts
Location: 1033 Budapest, Fő tér

Óbuda has a lot to keep you occupied: Medieval main square and Aquincum, the remnants of the Roman-time settlement bearing the same name for history buffs and Római-part for the lovers of nature. The two former are exciting enough for everyone to appreciate, while the latter provides a venue for relaxation with places selling fried fish, beautiful weekend houses and the closeness of the Danube beside the many sights. In the evening the older generation is attracted by the live music of Evezős Sörkert, whereas Fellini Kultúrbisztró offers concerts and draught Belgian beer for younger people.

Description

This suburb, an independent town till 1873, is the oldest part of Budapest. Its name also means old (ó) Buda. It may be doubted if you consider the large number of buildings or tower blocks without any character which "have risen up" and which spoil the landscape. At first sight therefore, nothing attracts you especially, and however.



Aquincum, the ruins of a two thousand years old forerunner of Budapest, can be found in the northern part of the city. The remains of this civil and military town of the Roman period include two amphitheatres, villas with superb mosaic works, a military bath-house and the stone pillars of an aqueduct. The Aquincum Museum (139 Szentendrei út) is a contiguous area of ruins, where the most valuable items include carved stones, wall paintings and an ancient organ.

Old single-storey houses, taverns and fine museums create a unique ambience at Fő tér in Óbuda. Nearby are two museums: the Varga Imre Museum (7 Laktanya utca), exhibiting the works of a contemporary sculptor, and the Vasarely Museum (6 Szentlélek tér) housing the complete oeuvre of Victor Vasarely (originally: Győző Vásárhelyi), father of op-art.

At the Kiscelli Museum (108 Kiscelli út) there is a rich collection of works depicting Budapest in addition to 20th-century Hungarian works of fine arts.

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Óbuda on the map

 

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Aquincum, founded in the 1C, enjoyed its heyday in the 2C and 3C.

Name: Aquincum
Category: Archaeological and historical sites
Location: 1031 Budapest, Szentendrei út 139.

Description

Aquincum, founded in the 1C, enjoyed its heyday in the 2C and 3C. The ruins clearly show the plan of the city: roads intersecting at right angles, a sewerage system and a variety of buildings (public baths, large covered market, craft workshops, merchants' shops and private houses). Some fine mosaic fragments are also visible. Inside the site, an archaeological museum exhibits findings (statues, bas-reliefs, coins, pottery etc) from digs carried out here.



Did you like Aquincum? Please share your opinion below or rate it at the top!

Have you got any Budapest or Aquincum related question? Please have a look at our Questions & Answers section!



Take a look at the Menu "Attractions" to see what other tourist sights are around.

Aquincum on the map

 

You may find a Google Route Planner here.

Share this article with others

There is an easy way how to link to our Budapest guide & maps about Aquincum, ready to use on your website. Simply copy & paste the HTML code below into your page source code. Thank you for all links to Budapest travel guide!

 

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Buda

Castle District (Várnegyed). This district is the city’s most beautiful and historic dating back to the 13th century, with some settlements here even earlier. This is district I, which is a small district that encompasses the plateau where the grand Royal Palace and grounds fill the southern end above the surrounding neighborhoods and the Danube below. The Castle District is defined by its medieval walls. The northern end is home to small winding streets, with old homes, St. Matthias Church, the Fishermans Bastion, and the Hilton Hotel.

Castle District
Castle District

 

Watertown (Víziváros). A long, narrow neighborhood wedged between the Castle District and the Danube, makes up district II. Víziváros is historically a quarter where fishermen and artisans reside. Built on the steep slope of Castle Hill, it has narrow alleys and stairs instead of roads in many places. Its main street, Fő utca, runs the north-south length of the Víziváros, parallel to and a block away from the river. It is a high-rent district for residents and tourists.

Watertown
Watertown

 

Rose Hill (Rózsadomb). This is the part of Buda Hills and still part of district II, closest to the city center and one of the city’s most fashionable and luxurious residential neighborhoods.

Rose Hill
Rose Hill

 

Buda Hills. The Buda Hills are numerous remote neighborhoods that feel as if they’re nowhere near, let alone within, a capital city. By and large, the hills are considered a classy place to live. Neighborhoods are generally known by the name of the hill on which they stand. Unless you like to walk neighborhoods, there is nothing more for the traveler in this part of the city.

Buda Hills
Buda Hills

Óbuda

Óbuda makes up district III and is mostly residential now, though its long Danube coastline was a favorite spot for workers’ resorts under the old regime. Most facilities have been privatized, so a large number of hotels are found here. Transportation for the traveler into Pest would be cumbersome, so we do not recommend staying out here. The extensive Roman ruins of Aquincum and the beautifully preserved old-town main square are Obuda’s chief claims to fame.

Óbuda
Óbuda

Pest

Inner City (Belváros). The historic center of Pest, the Belváros, literally meaning “city center” is the area inside the Inner Ring, bound by the Danube to the west. Making up part of district V, it has many of Pest’s historic buildings in this area. In addition, a number of the city’s showcase luxury hotels and most of its best-known shopping streets are here.

Inner City
Inner City

 

Leopold Town (Lipótváros). The continuation of district V is just north of the Belváros, making Lipótváros a part of central Pest. Development began here at the end of the 18 th century, and the neighborhood soon emerged as a center of Pest business and government. Parliament, plus a number of government ministries, courthouses, banks, and the former stock exchange, are all found here. Before the war, this was considered a neighborhood of the “high bourgeoisie.”

Lipótváros
Lipótváros

 

Theresa Town (Terézváros). The character of Terézváros, district VI, is defined by Andrássy út, the great boulevard running the length of the neighborhood from Heroes’ Square through Oktogon and down into the Inner City. This grand street has been regaining its reputation of elegance: Andrássy út is once again the “best address” in town, especially since the upper part is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Teréz körút section of the Outer Ring cuts through Terézváros; Oktogon is its major square. The area around Nagymező utca is the city’s small theater district.

Terézváros
Terézváros

 

Elizabeth Town (Erzsébetváros). This is district VII. Directly to the southeast of Terézváros, Erzsébetváros is the historic Jewish neighborhood of Pest. During the German occupation from 1944 to 1945, this district was where the ghettos were established for the Jewish people. This district is still the center of Budapest’s Jewish life. Although it had been exceedingly run-down due to the war, in the last couple of years, it has become gentrified and considered one of the up-and-coming districts to invest in.

Erzsébetváros
Erzsébetváros

 

Joseph Town (Józsefváros). One of the largest central Pest neighborhoods is district VIII. Józsefváros is to the southeast of Erzsébetváros. It has had a reputation of being a less-than-desirable district of Pest, but there are some places in this district worth your time and energy. It should not be dismissed across the board. It is working hard at gentrifying.

Józsefváros
Józsefváros

 

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